This 5-minute presentation by Jim Nienhuis in 2016, explains his focus on grafted vegetable seedlings as an entrepreneurial opportunity for small-scale farmers in Guatemala and Honduras. View this on YouTube instead.
Expanding tomato grafting for entrepreneurship
Project Title: Plántulas de Esperanza (Seedlings of Hope)
Target Country: Honduras and Guatemala
Principal Investigator: Jim Nienhuis, University of Wisconsin-Madison
- Matt Kleinhenz, The Ohio State University
- Peter Hanson, AVRDC-The World Vegetable Center, Taiwan
- Karen Latham, Claudia Eugenia Flores de León, Catholic Relief Services, Guatemala
- Julio Lopez, Patricia Arce, Gabriela Suyapa Hernandez Cacso, the Panamerican Agricultural School, Zamorano, Honduras
- Javier Diaz, Fundación Hondureña de Investigación Agrícola (FHIA), Honduras
In many tropical countries, tomato production can be dramatically impacted by soilborne pathogens, impacting the livelihoods of rural families. The most limiting soilborne pathogen in the tropics is Ralstonia solanacearum, bacterial wilt.
Tomato grafting technology is a proven technology increasingly adapted worldwide to reduce risk of soilborne pathogens. Grafting produces a physical hybrid plant, with rootstock chosen for its genetic ability to resist soil borne disease, and scion chosen based on fruit quality for commercialization. The technology is relatively simple, but can have a huge impact in providing more sustainable production and added value to small-scale growers. Grafting thus creates an opportunity for entrepreneurial groups to specialize in the production and sale of grafted tomato seedlings, as do many small greenhouse-based businesses in the United States.
Through a previously completed project, we identified and commercially produced fruit and seed of AVRDC cultivars that combine resistance to Begomoviruses with fruit quality characteristics necessary for commercialization. We propose on-farm field trials with women's group to validate the technology and identify the optimal rootstock-scions combinations. We also propose regional training in grafting technology, seed storage and small business management in cooperation with the Horticulture Innovation Lab's Regional Center at Zamorano.
This project builds on three previously completed projects:
- Producing local, disease-resistant vegetable seed in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua (led by Jim Nienhuis)
- Evaluating local tomato and chili varieties for disease resistance in El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua (led by Jim Nienhuis)
- Increasing smallholder use of grafting and tunnels for tomatoes and peppers in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda (led by Matt Kleinhenz)